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Xinjiang’s Economic Trends

Xinjiang is an autonomous region located in the Northwest of China close to Central Asia. It is one of the richest areas of natural resources and deposits, with important reserves of oil, natural gas and coal, which have led to the development of prolific industrial centers in the extractive and electricity generation sectors. Further, Xinjiang is characterized by a very fertile soil, which has made it one of the main agricultural areas in the country, and its beautiful landscapes, which have made it a popular tourist attraction. Xinjiang is the largest province-level division of China by surface area, measuring 1,665,000 km2, with a population of 25.8 million inhabitants.

Local authority data shows that Xinjiang province recorded total exports of USD 18 billion and total imports of USD 5.7 billion, with 1,659 established foreign investment companies. In addition to an average urban salary of USD 11,404.

In terms of GDP, the Xinjiang province ranked 24th in China, reaching USD 200 billion in 2020 and USD 195 billion in 2019 with a GDP per capita of USD 7,924. Along with GDP growth of +6.2% in 2019 and +3.4% in 2020.

Main Economic Centers (GDP) in Xinjiang

  • Urumqi (USD 50 billion)

  • Changji (USD 20 billion)

  • Aksu (USD 19 billion)

  • Yili (USD 18 billion)

  • Kashgar (USD 16 billion)

Main Sectors in Xinjiang

  • Raw materials

  • Logistics

  • Textile

  • Energy

Main Industrial Areas in Xinjiang

  • Urumqi Economic and Technological Development Zone

  • Shihezi Economic and Technological Development Zone

  • Korla Economic and Technological Development Zone

  • Alar Economic and Technological Development Zone

  • Wujiaqu Economic and Technological Development Zone

  • Urumqi High-tech Industrial Development Zone

  • Changji High-tech Industrial Development Zone

  • Shihezi High-tech Industrial Development Zone

  • Urumqi Comprehensive Bonded Zone

  • Kashgar Comprehensive Bonded Zone

  • Kashgar Economic Development Zone

  • Horgos Economic Development Zone


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