Cambodia and ASEAN
The country of Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia, in the southern part of the Indochinese Peninsula. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The country is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality, and covers a total area of 181,035 square kilometres, with a population of over 15 million.
Cambodia is largely a land of plains and great rivers and lies amid important overland and river trade routes linking China to India and Southeast Asia
Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about 612 kilometres that run from the capital to Sihanoukville on the southern coast. The country features three commercial airports: Phnom Penh International Airport is the busiest, Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the second busiest, and it handles the most international flights in and out of Cambodia, and Sihanouk International Airport is in the coastal city of Sihanoukville.
The GDP was USD 30 billion in 2021, while the GDP per capita was USD 1,647. Cambodia's economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.7 percent between 1998 and 2019, making it one of the world's fastest-growing economies.
The total value of Cambodia’s international trade amounted to USD 36 billion in 2021, a 2.5 percent increase over the previous year. Cambodia largely imports the raw materials for finished textiles from China and exports the final products to many other countries.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic union of ten members, has 667 million people and a territory of 4.5 million Km2; is currently the third largest economy in Asia-Pacific and the fifth largest in the World. The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) has a combined GDP of USD 3.6 trillion according to estimates for 2022.