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China’s Law on Foreign Relations

The Law on Foreign Relations of the People's Republic of China was approved during the third session of the Standing Committee of the 14th National People's Congress (NPC) and will take effect on July 1, 2023.


This law is significant because it is the first comprehensive legislation that outlines China's major policies, principles, positions, rules, and systems for dealing with foreign affairs, and provides an overall framework for the development of China's international relations. The law defines the guiding principles for foreign relations, establishes general rules for legislation, and sets out the objectives and tasks to strengthen China's capabilities and ensure progress in its foreign relations.


Under this law, China aims to actively engage in various areas of international exchanges and cooperation. This includes playing an active role in global environmental and climate governance, promoting fair and inclusive trade practices, supporting the development of Chinese government international initiatives, providing assistance to other countries, and fostering cooperation in different fields. Additionally, the law asserts China's right to take measures or impose restrictions to safeguard its sovereignty, national security, and development interests when faced with actions that violate international law or fundamental norms of international relations.


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