Indonesia and ASEAN

Indonesia is a country situated in Southeast Asia between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of over 17,000 islands that can be grouped into the Greater Sunda Islands of Sumatra, Java, the southern extent of Borneo, and Celebes. The country has 37 provinces, of which eight have special status. The country's capital and largest city is Jakarta. With an area of 1,913,600 square kilometres it has a population of over 270 million


Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private and public sectors play an important role. Being the only G20 member state in Southeast Asia, the country has the largest economy in the region and is classified as a newly industrialised country.


Indonesia's transport system has been shaped over time by the economic resource base of an archipelago, and the distribution of its 250 million people is highly concentrated on Java. The road transport system is predominant, Jakarta has the most extended bus rapid transit system globally, boasting 251.2 kilometres in 13 corridors and ten cross-corridor routes. The largest airport in Indonesia is Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, one of the busiest in the Southern Hemisphere.


The GDP was USD 1,119 billion in 2021, while the GDP per capita amounted to USD 4,136. The total value of Indonesia's international trade amounted to USD 339 billion in 2021, with the exports amounting to USD 168 billion, and the total value of imports to USD 171 billion. The main import and export destinations were China, the United States, and Singapore


The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic union of ten members, has 667 million people and a territory of 4.5 million Km2; is currently the third largest economy in Asia-Pacific and the fifth largest in the World. The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) has a combined GDP of USD 3.6 trillion according to estimates for 2022.



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